The weather forecast in The Detroit News called for "moderate to brisk" winds for the Great Lakes, with occasional rains Thursday night or Friday for the upper lakes (except on southern Lake Huron), and fair to unsettled conditions for the lower lakes.[13]. Complaints against the USDA Weather Bureau of alleged unpreparedness resulted in increased efforts to achieve more accurate weather forecasting and faster realization and communication of proper storm warnings. But in November on the Great Lakes, this was no tropical storm. In a way, the storm was a wakeup call. It does not include the three victims from the freighter William Nottingham, who volunteered to leave the ship on a lifeboat in search of assistance. The storm started out as two storms that converged over the comparatively warm waters of the lakes to create a superstorm like nothing seen before or since. The Wexford: Elusive Shipwreck of the 1913 Great Storm. Seiches cause short-term irregular lake level changes, killing people swept off beaches and … It produced 90 mph (140 km/h) wind gusts, waves over 35 feet (11 m) high, and whiteout snowsqualls. “The bell rang for supper at 3:45 P.M., which was prepared and the tables set, when a gigantic sea mounted our stern, flooding the fantail, sending torrents of water through the passageways on each side of the cabin, concaving the cabin, breaking the windows in the after cabin, washing our provisions out of the refrigerator and practically destroying them all, leaving us with one ham and a few potatoes...Volumes of water came down on the engine through the upper skylights, and at times there were from four to six feet of water in the cabin.”, November storms are notorious on the Great Lakes, having led to countless shipwrecks and fatalities over the years. Lake masters recounted that waves reached at least 35 feet (11 m) in height. The forecast predicted increased winds and falling temperatures over the next 24 hours. The weather forecast of the Port Huron Times-Herald stated that southerly winds had remained "moderate to brisk". List of victims of the 1913 Great Lakes storm @ rootsweb.com. 7-10 November 1913 At least 258 lives lost on the Great Lakes. Created by two huge converging storm fronts, the vicious blizzard lasted from November 7th to November 10th, tearing through Ontario, the Midwest, and of course, the Great Lakes. Following the storm, ships on the Great Lakes were re-constructed to better withstand unruly weather. This proved to be a serious problem: the storm would have the better part of a day to build up hurricane forces before the Bureau headquarters in Washington, D.C., would have detailed information.[18]. There were four-foot (120 cm) snowdrifts around Lake Huron. This gale lasted until late November 10, almost forcing Cornell ashore. Ships on Lake Huron that were south of Alpena, Michigan—especially around Harbor Beach and Port Huron in Michigan and Goderich and Sarnia in Ontario—were battered with massive waves moving southward toward St. Clair River. Travelers were forced to take shelter and wait for things to clear. On Friday, the weather forecast in the Port Huron Times-Herald of Port Huron, Michigan, described the storm as "moderately severe. [19], In retrospect, weather forecasters of the time did not have enough data or understanding of atmospheric dynamics to predict or comprehend the events of Sunday, November 9. This natural disaster known as the “Big Blow, “Freshwater Fury”, or “White Hurricane” took the lives of more than 250 people between Lake Superior, Lake Michigan, Lake Huron, and Lake Erie. Lakes hidden gems and insider information delivered straight to your inbox ( ) indicate confirmed deaths while. 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